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Have you ever asked yourself who to “blame” for your intelligence?

Are you smart and asking yourself who to “blame” for this?

Are you smart and asking yourself who to “blame” for this? Do not worry we have the answer. Smart people should thank their mothers because, according to researchers, their mothers are primarily to blame for transmitting intelligence genes. Thus, gender stereotypes that have survived for centuries are possibly about to disappear.

Scientists have found that the intelligence of a person is passed on from the mother and that hereditarily, the X chromosome determines our brainpower. There are thousand genes in the X chromosome and they all affect your level of perception. Until recently it was believed that both parents give an equal input to the intelligence of their child, but this may be correct and arguable at the same time.

Genetics is, without doubt, a highly complex area and people need to approach this field of research from an objective point of view. First of all, we all need to know how the X and Y chromosomes work. A chromosome is like a chain composed of nucleic acids and protein, which stores and transfers genetic information.

There is a pair of chromosomes in every cell of a person’s body, two X chromosomes in females, and one X and one Y chromosome in males.

The gender-specific genes carry genetic characteristics which may be activated or deactivated, which means that they will or will not impact genetic development. This means that if a certain characteristic is affected by the mother, the caring genes are deactivated, and vice versa. It is actually the structure of these genes that forms the base for research on intelligence. It seems that there are likelihood women having an impact on cognitive abilities since they possess two X chromosomes, compared to the one chromosome that men carry.

In 1984, there was a study of brain development and genomic conditioning conducted at the University of Cambridge in which scientists concluded that more material was provided to brain centers by maternal genetics.

Another study by researchers from a Scottish government agency involved about 12,000 people from 14 to 22 years old. The subjects were interviewed and monitored on how their intelligence developed taking into account their ethnic and educational backgrounds.

The researchers came to the conclusion that the mother’s IQ was the best indicator of intelligence.

The one fact that can be determined from this is that mothers definitely have a great influence on the cognitive capacity of their children. All the signs are that our mothers are responsible for our brain power and we should appreciate this and be grateful to all our moms!

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Rachell S. Anderson, Senior Writer

Written by Rachell S. Anderson, Senior Writer

Rachael has been with Live Science since 2010. She has a masters degree in journalism from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program. She also holds a Bachelor of Science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.

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